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Indicative present / Basic rules


Present tense is used to describe an action which is currently happening: :
examples : je rigole, il se drogue, nous travaillons...I laugh, he takes drugs, we work ...

It can also be used to describe a scientific proven fact, a past as if there was a situation currently or situation happens regularly
examples : les feuilles sont vertes, les coureurs du tour de France sont tous dopés, etc...leaves are green, all Tour de France riders are doped, etc ...


Verb endings differ depending on the group they belong to.

Verbs of 1st and 2nd groupe : terminsons remain fixed
Sujet 1er groupe 2ème groupe
je / j' -e / tombe -is / vomis
tu -es / tombes -is / vomis
il / elle / on -e / tombe -it / vomit
nous -ons / tombons -issons / vomissons
vous -ez / tombez -issez / vomissez
ils / elles -ent / tombent -issent / vomissent
3rd group verbs : endings are based on 3 different models
Sujet Générique -dre (sauf -oindre) pouvoir/vouloir/valoir
je / j' -s / ris -ds / surprends -x / veux
tu -s / ris -ds / surprends -x / veux
il / elle / on -t / rit -d / surprend -t / veut
nous -ons / rions -ons / surprenons -ons / voulons
vous -ez / riez -ez / surprenez -ez / voulez
ils / elles -ent / rient -ent / surprennent -ent / veulent
Conjugated forms plural are often the same: ons / ez / ent. The main exceptions are verbs aller, dire, faire (to go, to say, to do)...


Auxiliary verbs
Sujet être avoir
je / j' suis ai
tu es as
il / elle / on est a
nous sommes avons
vous êtes avez
ils / elles sont ont

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